Fibromyalgia is definitely one of the most stressful medical condition. Having to deal with the constant stress of fatigue and pain can surely impact the quality of life of patients. A particular psychological condition may cause some fibro patients to suffer more severely and cope less well than others. This psychological condition is known as the adjustment disorder.
What Is Adjustment Disorder In Fibromyalgia?
Adjustment disorder is an abnormal response, usually more than usual, to a significant life stressor. Basically, this condition is one’s reaction to a certain stressful event in his or her life. Such event is usually a bad experience like death of a loved one and divorce. It can also be a reaction to a continuous struggle of chronic fibromyalgia every single day. Adjustment disorder in fibromyalgia leads to responses surpassing the usual reaction to fibro pain and symptoms.
As such, those who have adjustment disorder will end up suffering from persistent depression, anxiety and other physical issues such as irregular heartbeat, and even unexplained weight gain. Patients with adjustment disorder show signs like:
- often crying for long durations
- always in bed and not able to get out of bed
- lashing out at others
- showing compulsive behavior
- suicidal thoughts
How To Treat Adjustment Disorder?
The treatment focus on helping the patient learn how to deal with their situation. Most patients will have to undergo Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). During the talk therapy, a psychiatrist will help the patient identify negative emotions and thoughts and look for ways on how they can possibly deal with these things. The process involves going through the things that can lead to negative thoughts and feelings and learning how to transform negative feelings into positive ones.
Other types of therapy such as relaxation and meditation exercises can also help patients cope with anxiety that comes with the disorder. In fact, doctors will highly recommend group therapy, where the patient joins a support group discussion that consists of other people who are also suffering from the same condition.
Medications To Treat Adjustment Disorder In Fibromyalgia
There are certain medications that can treat the condition. The medications include antidepressants which help to boost the serotonin levels in the brain and help break down the cycle of negative emotions and thoughts. However, since adjustment disorder is mainly based on not having an effective coping mechanism rather than the biological causes, most therapists believe that drugs are not the most effective way of treating the condition.
Fibromyalgia is still a chronic disease with no cure. This means that patients have to constantly struggle with the pain and symptoms for decades or life. Learning how to cope with the pain and stress of fibromyalgia can certainly benefit patients.